Ethical and legal basis of editorial policy
Editorial board is responsible for making decisions of publications. Evaluations of Editorial Board members as well as investigation lines third-party specialists in the person of involved reviewers are the basis of the decision.
Decision on publication is made due to relevance, scientific significance, novelty and reliability of published materials.
The Editorial Board Policy
The Editorial Board Policy of Health Risk Analysis journal is based on the current legal copyright requirements, plagiarism and slender inadmissibility, as well as ethical principles recognized by Scientific Periodicals Publishers International Community stated in the following regulations:
- Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors;
- Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers as well as Transparency Principles and Research Publications Best Practices;
- COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers
- Guidelines for retracting articles;
- International standards for editors and authors etc. developed by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE);
- The European Association of Science Editors (EASE).
Editorial Board directs the journal preparation and publication participants – the authors, reviewers, Editorial Board members, publishing workers, readers – toward following the publication ethics standards listed below.
When there is a suspicion that any of the following principles are violated, journal Editorial Board will follow the COPE instructions.
Authorship and Copyright
All the copyrights on articles belong to its authors. Author sending an article into the “Health Risk Analysis” thus agrees on its publication in journal and transfers the right to use, including translation, open publication at journal Internet site, article transfer (including references, bibliography, etc.) to the third parties that are mandatory recipients of information, or other parties in order to allow the publication citation and increase authors and journals citation index.
In case of reprinting of any copyrighted materials published in “Health Risk Analysis”, it is necessary to specify the reference to journal, author and article title. Copyright infringement to use materials edited and submitted for publication is prohibited by law.
An Author refers to all persons (co-authors) who participated in investigation and manuscript creation and who are responsible for its content. A person (author) presented the manuscript to editor is responsible for completeness of group of authors and agreement with all changes made to the manuscript text in accordance with its review and editing results.
Authors submitting their papers for publications in journal should follow the principles given below:
- original investigation;
- objective discussion of investigation relevance;
- providing reliable results of the work done, absence of false claims and errors in data reporting; providing high-quality statistical treatment of data reported;
- inadmissibility of personal, critical and slighting remarks and accusations against other investigators;
- exclusion of plagiarism; recognition of others personal contribution in investigation development, mandatory bibliographical references to all external sources of information and all publications relevant for given article (including his previously published articles and research materials) should present;
- absence of repetition and duplication of previously published materials. Avoidance of sending of the same article to other publishing houses before the decision of rejecting the article is made;
- permission to use (play) other’s materials, tables, images and compulsory indication of author of these materials and/or copyright owner of these materials;
- submission of information received in private, i.e. during correspondence, conversation or discussion with third parties, or information from confidential sources given with its permission;
- representation of all participating co-authors who made a significant contribution in investigation and article writing; approval of the final work version by all co-authors and their full consent to publication submission;
- credit line to other colleagues who are not the article authors but who influenced its creation;
- disclosure of potential conflicts of interests (providing of employment information, consulting, stock ownership existence, expert opinions, patent application or registration, fee receiving);
- clear indication of information about grants, other investigation funding sources and forms of support, i.e. facts that may be assumed as ones that influenced the results and conclusions presented in this paper;
- immediate reports of discovery of significant errors or inaccuracies in publication and interaction with editor in order to correct errors as soon as possible and publications exception, timely correction of errors and inaccuracies discovered by reviewer or editor.
Reviewing being an important link in providing of exchange of scientific information should follow the principles given below:
- Privacy – do not disclose information about submitted manuscript to anyone but editor;
- Objectivity – to assess the manuscript comprehensively avoiding personal author critics; to declare immediately about possible conflict of interests between reviewer and reviewed work, its authors or organization sponsoring the investigation;
- Impartiality – to assess the intellectual manuscript content regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, ethnic origin, nationality or authors political views;
- Clarity and Validity of expression; recognition of primary sources – to indicate the publications on the topic of submitted manuscript on which there are no references in the reviewed article; to draw Editors attention to any substantial similarity or identity of the manuscript and any of known publications.
Reviewers are involved in Publishing Editorial Policy Formation. Articles sent to editor are double reviewed. Editors reserve the right to choose the reviewer. Original articles are accompanied by comments of editorial staff, Editorial Board and competent authority in the field.
Prior to the article publication, the reviewers are not allowed using the information they have access to in the review process in their own investigations or for other personal gain.
Ethical Principles of the Journal Editors
The Chief Editor and his Deputy have the exclusive right to accept the manuscript to publication or reject it, thus the following ethical principles and requirements for published materials are monitored, as well as requirements of article quality:
- objectivity should be present on the stage of preliminary estimation of a manuscript;
- high quality of published materials;
- regard of conflict of interests;
- compliance of copyright;
The manuscript may be rejected by the editor at a stage prior to reviewing if there exists any substantial reason: article theme does not correspond to journal’s theme; the article is of obviously poor scientific quality; article was previously published in another printed source; in materials there was revealed a fundamental contradiction to ethical principles the journal is stuck to. Editors have the right to reject improperly drawn documents. The editor evaluates the ethics compliance of testing on humans and animals and accepts the article to publication in the presence of ethics compliance evidence.
Editorial staff reserves the right to reduce and edit the manuscripts but does not affect article’s essence and content, preserving the publication’s integrity. Editors should ensure that published materials correspond to the International Standards of Scientific and Publication Ethics. If there is a conflict of interests of editor and author, the article should be transferred to another editor.
Editors reviewing articles should be fully familiar with contained original information, but they have no right to use it in their own researches and other personal purposes. Use of such information is permitted only after the official publication of the article provided with correct citation in accordance with generally accepted requirements.
Editors should not impose citation of “Health Risk Analysis” articles on authors for the purpose of journals scientometric indicators artificial improvement.
All incoming manuscripts that were not rejected for abovementioned reasons at the first stage of review, are sent on review by the editor who selects the reviewers from the number of competent experts on the article’s subject. Editors should keep in secret the reviewers’ names and not to report to reviewers the authors’ names.
Editors should guarantee the high-quality materials published in journal and preserve its content integrity, as well as publish corrections, clarifications, apologies if necessary.
Published materials reflect author’s personal views that may differ from the Editing Staff point of view.
Conflict of Interests Policy
The potential conflict of interests appears when there are financial, personal or professional conditions that could affect the reviewers or editors scientific judgment and as a consequence, the Editorial Board decision on article publication.
The journal recognizes that when submitting the article to the Editorial Board, the author states the following:
- all investigation funding sources are stated in the text;
- there are no commercial, financial, personal and professional factors that could create the conflict of interests in relation to submitted article.
Or author must make a clear statement about possible conflict of interests in the cover letter when submitting it to Editorial Board.
If there is a conflict of interests, author may ask to exclude a specific editor/reviewer from consideration of his articles. Editors and reviewers are obliged to declare about potential conflict of interests that could affect the Editorial Board decision.
If there is a conflict of interests between editor or reviewer and articles author, the article should be transferred to another editor or reviewer. Articles evaluation should not be biased. A conflict of interests declared by any of the review participants should not lead to publication rejection, as the most important manuscript evaluation criteria is its scientific quality.
Declaration of Privacy
Information about authors (surname, first name, patronymic, affiliated organization name, organization address, e-mail address, telephone number for contacting with author) provided for publication in journal, are available to indefinite number of persons to that the authors give a written agreement by signing the relevant supporting documents to article and forms containing full information about authors required for Russian journals indexing in Russian index scientific citation bibliographical database (a list of necessary information about authors is available on the journals website in section “For Authors”. This data is published in the interests of authors for the purpose of full and correct publications account and its citation by corresponding bibliographical organizations and for making contacts between authors and scientific available.
Personal information provided by the authors in addition to requirements listed in information, including additional e-mail addresses and telephone numbers, will be used exclusively for contact with authors during article publication preparation. The Editorial Board shall not transfer this personal information to third parties who may use it for different purposes.
The Policy of Articles’ Publication Cancelling
In some cases the Editorial Board may decide to withdraw the article (retraction).
Reasons for article retraction:
- detection of plagiarism in the article, including detection of borrowed images, graphs, tables, etc., if the plagiarism is detected after article’s publication (see Plagiarism Policy); existing of any claims regarding article copyright or its parts on behalf of third parties;
- detection of article publication in another printed source before its publication in the journal;
- presence of serious mistakes in the article that call into question its scientific value.
In such circumstances, Editorial Board initiates an inspection according to results of which the article may be withdrawn from publication. There should be taken a protocol of articles withdrawing from publication that is signed by the Chief Editor. A copy of the protocol should be sent to atricle’s author.
In this case the article should not be physically removed from published circulation and file posted at the Internet site. Editorial Staff shall publish an Article Withdrawal Statement with its placing on appropriate content page on the journal’s Official website.
The Editorial Board shall consider carefully and responsibly all reasonable appeals concerning violations found in the published materials. Editorial Staff considers that authors and reviewers duty is to inform the Publishing House of missed errors and violation that are detected after article publication.
All the submitted articles should be edited for borrowing proprieties on a mandatory basis at an early stage of reception. In case of reasonable suspicion of plagiarism or detection of techniques that allow hiding its presence, the articles will not be accepted for further consideration. Notification of Article withdrawing in connection with suspected plagiarism. should be sent to author. If plagiarism is detected in already published article, this article shall be removed from publication and cannot be restored (without physical removal of article by publication of a statement of plagiarism on the following journal pages and article file). If there is any incorrect borrowing in received article, all cases of such borrowing are considered individually.
The forms of plagiarism include:
- use (literal citation) of any material amounts without source specification;
- use of images, drawings, photos, tables, graphs, charts and any other forms of graphical information representation without source specification;
- use of images, drawings, photos, tables, graphs, charts and any other forms of graphical information representation, posted in scientific and popular Publishing Houses without consent of legal owner;
- use of materials without written permission, authors and legal owners of which prohibit the use of their materials without special approval.
The forms of incorrect borrowings include:
- absence of graphical highlighting of literally quoted text in the presence of source references; presence of incorrect links (incomplete structure of bibliographical source description that prevent its identification);
- link to not the first source of borrowed text without stating the obvious reference to this fact (error in source determination);
- absence of references to the sources stated in pre-article list;
- excessive quoting (with presence of links to sources and graphical highlighting of quoted text) the amount of which is not justified by genre and objectives of the article.
The amount of citation (correct borrowing) should not exceed 30% of the total article volume. The requirement does not apply to reviews and other articles that require a large number of citations for objective reasons. The Publishing House considers these materials individually. Articles the content of which corresponds to another authors materials and makes over 30% (dissertation, monograph, previous publications in journals and collections) are not allowed to publication.
The Borrowings Presence Control
Received articles are tested in “Anti-plagiarism” system as well as in another search engines on the Internet. In the presence of editorial justifications for providing of more detailed control there may be involved some additional tools for the search of borrowings.
Editorial Board strongly recommends to not use any of techniques that improve the text evaluation in “Anti-plagiarism” system. Articles containing technical modifications in order to enhance the text uniqueness artificially cannot be published in the journal. Publishing House shall inform the reviewer and, in case an author works in an educational institution, also his or her chief about all similar facts.
Follow this link to examine the Collection of Russian translations of COPE recommendations for ethics of scientific publications.
Business Model. Publishing Payment. Access to Full Texts
The journals Publisher - FBSI “FSC for Medical and Preventive Health Risk Management Technologies” – shall bear all expenses for production and issuing the journal, including for Expert judgment organization, Internet hosting and archiving. Authors are not charged for article publishing. Reviewing is free. Journal’s printed edition is distributed by subscription. Full texts of all archived files and current publications are available to the public on the website journal.fcrisk.ru/eng/. The journal’s online version is a publication with open access for readers. When using materials it is necessary to make reference to the journal and articles authors. Free reproduction of materials for personal use and free use of informational, scientific, educational and cultural purposes are allowed in accordance with the Civil Code of Russian Federation Art. 1273 and 1274 Ch. 70 p. IV. Other ways of use are possible only after the conclusion of appropriate written agreements with legal owner.
PUBLICATION OF ARTICLES in the journal IS FREE.
Advertising materials that are directly related to the methods, tools and technologies to ensure epidemiological welfare of the Russian Federation Population may be published in the journal and on the website on paid basis. Advertisers are responsible for accuracy of advertising publications.