Assessment of behavioral risk factors of medical workers at multidisciplinary hospital
E.V. Dubel1, Т.N. Unguryanu2
1 BHE VR “Vologda City Hospital №1”, 94 Sovetsky Prospect, Vologda, 160012, Russian Federation
2 Office the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare in the Arkhangelsk region, 24 Gaidara St., Arkhangelsk, 163000, Russian Federation
The prevalence of behavioural risk factors among health professionals at the multidisciplinary hospital was the aim of the present research. The study included a questionnaire of the WHO International Programme of Integrated Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases “Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention Programme” (CINDI). The survey involved 333 health professionals: doctors – 14.1 %, mid-level and junior medical personnel – 62.2 % and 23.7 %, respectively. The average age of the respondents was 42.5 years. The proportion of males and females was 8.4 % and 91.6 %, respectively. It was found that a significant proportion of respondents has overweight (34.4 %) and obesity (17.5 %), hypertension (31.1 %). The prevailing part of the hospital medical staff has an average and a high level of physical activity. The eating behaviour of 80 % of health workers is characterized by low consumption of fruit and vegetables. Doctors tend to drink alcohol more frequently than the mid-level and junior medical personnel, at that the consumption of alcohol for the vast majority of persons who participated in the study is moderate. Tobacco consumption is typical for a significant proportion of the respondents (32 %), more common among nurses than among doctors and mid-level medical staff. Health workers of 40–60 years have a high individual risk of coronary heart disease associated with smoking (1.3•10 –4 – 1.6•10 –3 ). Persons older than 50 years revealed an unacceptable risk of lung cancer pathology (4.7•10 –4 ), stomach (1.4•10 –4 ), bladder (1.5•10 –4 ), cerebrovascular disease (2.5•10 –4 ) at the effects of smoking.
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