Analyzing risks of occupational injuries in basic industries
V.A. Pankov, M.V. Kuleshova
East-Siberian Institute of Medical and Ecological Research, 3 12a mikrorayon, Angarsk, 665827, Russian Federation
Our research aim was to analyze occupational injuries in basic industries in Irkutsk region.
Materials and methods. Occupational injuries (OI) in basic industries were analyzed using data from statistical reports issued in 2010–2019. To analyze OI in dynamics, we calculated relative values of OI and applied linear regression and Shewhart charts. Normalized intensity indicators method was used to reveal different probability of injuries in various industries as well as to predict OI risks.
Results. Analysis of OI in dynamics indicates that there is a stable descending trend in a number of injuries. However, in spite of this apparent descending trend, OI values are stably by 1.3–3.0 times higher in some industries than on average in the region. The highest frequency coefficient (FC) for occupational injuries was detected in wood processing where it was equal to 5.35 [2.90–7.71] per 1,000 workers; the indicator varied within 1.00–2.93 per 1,000 workers in other industries. Shewhart chart for FC indicates that systems of occupational health and safety management are not efficient enough in all the analyzed industries since FC exceeds the upper limit in some years. We established that severity of occupational injuries tended to grow in wood processing (Cs = +3.23; 5.33 %), metallurgy (Cs = +0.94; 1.26 %), land transport (Cs = +2.42; 4.39 %), and aircraft production (Cs = +0.59; 1.68 %). The greatest number of fatal OI was detected in mining, construction, and agriculture as a share of fatal OI in the overall structure of occupational injuries amounted to 22.0 %, 19.2 %, and 11.7 % in these brunches accordingly. A probability that an injury becomes fatal is also the highest in them, 11.7, 9.0, and 6.0 accordingly. “Wood processing and production of wood articles”, “Aircraft production”, and “Construction” are among industries where risks of occupational injuries are the most probable.
- Pankov V.A., Lakhman O.L., Perezhogin A.N., Tyutkina G.A., Kuleshova M.V., Smirnova O.V. The dynamics of the occupational morbidity rate in the Eastern Siberia. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2016, vol. 95, no. 12. pp. 1171–1175. DOI: 10.18821/0016-9900-2016-95-12-1171-1175 (in Russian).
- Lukyanchikova T.L., Yamschikova T.N., Kletsova N.V. Komparativistic analysis of production traumatism: Russia and the world. Ekonomika truda, 2018, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 647–662. DOI: 10.18334/et.5.3.39334 (in Russian).
- Gal'yanov I.V., Studennikova N.S. Sostoyanie obshchego proizvodstvennogo travmatizma v sub"ektakh RF i v osnovnykh vidakh ekonomicheskoi deyatel'nosti [Overall situation with industrial injuries in regions of the Russian Federation and in basic economic activities]. Vestnik sel'skogo razvitiya i sotsial'noi politiki, 2014, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 5–9 (in Russian).
- Pozdnyakova T.N. Analysis of occupational injuries in the Russian Federation and Penza region. XXI vek: itogi proshlogo i problemy nastoyashchego plyus, 2020, vol. 9, no. 4 (52), pp. 140–145. DOI: 10.46548/21vek-2020-0951-0027 (in Russian).
- Tessier-Sherman B., Cantley L.F., Galusha D., Slade M.D., Taiwo O.A., Cullen M.R. Occupational injury risk by sex in a manufacturing cohort. Occup. Environ. Med., 2014, vol. 71, no. 9, pp. 605–610. DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2014-102083
- Hoskins A.B. Occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities among women. Monthly Labor Review, 2005, vol. 128, no. 10, pp. 31–37.
- Global trends on occupational accidents and diseases. Geneva, 2015. Available at: https://www.ilo.org/legacy/eng-lish/osh/en/story_content/external_files/... (07.06.2021).
- Pankov V.A., Kuleshova M.V. Analysis of the occupational morbidity among working-age women. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2019, vol. 98, no. 10, pp. 1056–1061. DOI: 10.18821/0016-9900-2019-98-10-1056-1061 (in Russian).
- Bukhtiyarov I.V., Izmerov N.F., Tikhonova G.I., Churanova A.N. Occupational injuries as a criterion of professional risk. Studies on Russian economic development, 2017, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 568–574. DOI: 10.1134/S1075700717050045
- Levashov S.P. Analyzing and developing criteria for assessing occupational traumatism risks basing on «Best Practice Code». Health Risk Analysis, 2017, no. 2, pp. 37–46. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2017.2.04.eng
- Sayfutdinov R.A., Kozlov A.A. Analysis of industrial injuries in the evaluation of professional risk. Vestnik Ul'yanovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta, 2020, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 60–69 (in Russian).
- Solonshchikov P.N. Integral'naya otsenka tyazhesti truda, kak odin iz metodov prognozirovaniya neschastnykh sluchaev na predpriyatii [Integral assessment of labor hardness as one of the methods for predicting accidents at an enterprise]. Advanced Science, 2017, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 35–41.
- Tatarov L.G., Kireeva N.S., Streltsov S.V. Analysis of injuries in agriculture and ways of its reduction. Agrarnaya nauka i obrazovanie na sovremennom etape razvitiya: opyt, problemy i puti ikh resheniya: materialy VIII mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Ul’yanovsk, Ul'yanovskiy gosudarstvennyi agrarnyi universitet im. P.A. Stolypina Publ., 2017, pp. 234–238 (in Russian).
- Enikeev V.G., Smelik V.A., Shikrabak R.V., Smirnov V.T., Dzhabborov N.I. The comparative analysis of injury working in different types of economic activities. Agrarnyi nauchnyi zhurnal, 2018, no. 6, pp. 41–44. DOI: 10.28983/asj.v0i6.502 (in Russian).
- Grafkina M.V., Klindukh M.A. Analysis of industrial traumatism in Primorsk region. XXI vek. Tekhnosfernaya bezopasnost', 2017, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 19–25 (in Russian).
- Khadartsev A.A., Panarin V.M., Kashintseva L.V., Maslova A.A., Mityushkina O.A. To the problem of the assessment of industrial injury in Russia. Vestnik novykh meditsinskikh tekhnologii, 2019, no. 4, pp. 90–102. DOI: 10.24411/2075-4094-2019-16472 (in Russian).
- Shigan E.N. Metody prognozirovaniya i modelirovaniya v sotsial'no-gigienicheskikh issledovaniyakh [Forecasting and modeling procedures in social and hygienic research]. Moscow, Meditsina, 1986, 208 p. (in Russian).
- Tikhonova G.I., Churanova A.N. Industrial traumatism in the Russian Federation. Zdorov'e i okruzhayushchaya sreda, 2011, no. 18, pp. 44–50 (in Russian).
- Jo B.W., Lee Y.S., Kim J.H., Khan R.M.A. Trend Analysis of Construction Industrial Accidents in Korea from 2011 to 2015. Sustainability, 2017, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1297. DOI: 10.3390/su9081297
- Shkrabak R.V., Braginets Yu.N., Shkrabak V.S., Ognev O.G., Sechkin V.S. Analiz uslovii i okhrany truda v Leningradskoi oblasti i puti ikh uluchsheniya [Analysis of working conditions and labor protection in Leningrad region and ways to improve them]. Vestnik agrarnoi nauki Dona, 2016, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 72–80 (in Russian).
- Simankina T.L., Yufereva A.D., Urbancova M. Accident rate in construction in Russia and the Czech Republic. Alfabuild, 2019, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 29–40 (in Russian).
- Yastrebinskaya A.V., Edamenko A.S., Divichenko I.V. Analiz proizvodstvennogo travmatizma i puti ego snizheniya [Analysis of operational injuries and way to reduce them]. Vestnik Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. V.G. Shukhova, 2017, no. 11, pp. 100–105. DOI: 10.12737/article_5a001ab7ca4ff7.55606117 (in Russian).
- Izmerov N.F., Tikhonova G.I. Health protection problems in Russia's working population. Studies on Russian Economic Development, 2011, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 265–275.
- Occupational injuries. International Labor Organization. Available at: https://www.ilo.org/ilostat-files/Documents/des-cription_INJ_EN.pdf (08.04.2021).