Assessment and classification of food products as per health risks caused by chemical and microbiological contamination
O.G. Bogdanova1,2, O.A. Molchanova1,3, I.Yu. Tarmaeva4, N.V. Efimova1
1East-Siberian Institute of Medical and Ecological Research, 12a the 3rd micro-district, Angarsk, 665827, Russian Federation
2East Siberia State University of Technology and Management, Bldg. 1, 40v Klyuchevskaya Str., Ulan-Ude, 670013, Russian Federation
3Federal Service for Surveillance over Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing, Buryatiya Region office, 45b Klyuchevskaya Str., Ulan-Ude, 670013, Russian Federation
4Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety, 2/14 Ustinsky lane, Moscow, 109240, Russian Federation
Our research goal was to reveal priority food products (FP) distributed on a regional consumer market as per health risks they caused for population.
The research was accomplished with statistic, analytical, and mathematical procedures as well as using comparative analysis procedure.
We analyzed laboratory data on sanitary-chemical and physical-chemical parameters collected over 2010–2019; our analysis revealed there were insignificant risks excluding FP contamination with nitrates. Special attention should be paid to microbiological contamination as overall parameters related to it remain steady over the compared 5-year periods. We also have detected unfavorable trends as average parameters have grown authentically over the last 5 years against 2010–2014 when it comes to fruit and vegetables, poultry, fish products, and alcoholic beverages with growth rates varying from 3.53 times to 1.44 times.
Having accomplished all the necessary calculations, we established that in Buryatia, just as in the Russian Federation in general, there were no food products that could cause extremely high health risks. But at the same time, the examined regional market had certain differences from the overall Russian one. High health risks were caused by poultry and it was not the case in the country in general. Bakery, confectionary, and fish products that caused high health risks in the country as a whole caused only significant risks in the region. Milk products also were assigned into a high risk category. We performed complex assessment and classified FP as per their quality and safety using health risk analysis methodology; it allowed us to determine priorities resulted from microbiological contamination of poultry and this fact is vital for population health in Buryatia.
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