Hypertension among coal mining workers associated with parental hypertension in Indonesia
Kurnia Ardiansyah Akbar
Faculty of Public Health, Jember University, Jl. Kalimantan No.42, Krajan Timur, Sumbersari, Kec. Sumbersari, Jember Regency, East Java 68121 Indonesia
Hypertension is a chronic disease with its prevalence increasing from 2013 to 2018 among population of Indonesia. In 2013 the prevalence of hypertension was 25.8%, and in 2018 it increased to 34.1%. Therefore, the participation of all related parties, both doctors and health professionals from various fields of hypertension specialization, government, the private sector, and the public, is needed to control hypertension.
One of the private parties that has the authority to participate in the prevention of hypertension in Indonesia is business. One sector that has a large workforce is the coal mining sector. This study aimed to look at the influence exerted by hypertension in parents’ case history on risks of incidence withhypertension among coal mining workers.
This study is a cross-sectional one with two variables, namely hypertension in parents’ case histories and hypertension among coal mining workers performed on a sampling including 360 coal mining workers. The results showed that if a father had hypertension in his case history the risk of incidence with hypertension among coal mining workers was 3.143 times higher because OR = 3.143; 95% CI (1.568 <OR <6.229), while if a mother had hypertension in her case history the risk of incidence with hypertension among coal mining workers is 6.519 times higher because OR = 6.519; 95% CI (3,267 <OR <13,008) and if parents have hypertension in their case history, the risk of incidence with hypertension among coal mine workers is 6.061 times higher because OR = 6.061; 95% CI (2,910 <OR <12,625). The Conclusion is enough to prove that hereditary or genetic factors play a role in the increased risk of hypertension in coal mining workers.
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