Analyzing health risks for employable population caused by food products contamination (experience gained in Samara region)
D.O. Gorbachev, O.V. Sazonova, L.M. Borodina, M.Y. Gavryushin
Samara State Medical University, 89 Chapayevskaya Str., Samara, 443099, Russian Federation
Nowadays it is essential to provide safe nutrition for population via activities aimed at reducing risks related to adverse effects produced by contaminants on people’s health; such activities include those accomplished within the state sanitary-epidemiologic surveillance. As per data provided by Samara Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology, 71,204 food products samples were analyzed; analysis focused on contents of heavy metals (cadmium, mercury, lead, and arsenic), pesticides (hexachlorocyclohexane or HCCH, Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane or DDT,) nitrates, nitrites, aflatoxin B1, and benzpyrene. Next, exposure was assessed and risks of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects were calculated. Analysis of an aggregated hazard index created as per median values of contaminants contents revealed that arsenic made a substantial contribution into risks which was equal to 48 %. The second rank place belonged to cadmium that accounted for 14 %; the third one was occupied with nitrates, 12 %. The following food products groups contributed into the aggregated hazard index: melons and vegetables (23 %), bread and grocery (22 %), milk and milk products (12 %), meat and meat products (11 %), fruit and berries (9 %). It was shown that simultaneous introduction of the examined contaminants taking into account the highest non-carcinogenic risks exerted the most adverse impacts on the hormonal system due to combined exposure to cadmium, mercury, lead, arsenic, and DDT. We assessed carcinogenic risks caused by combined introduction of the contaminants taking into account their median concentrations and revealed that the risks were within the third range. We designed evolution models for carcinogenic risks basing on calculated consumption of various food products both as per median concentrations and 90%-percentile; it allowed us to assess these risks as being “negligible”. It was shown that the state sanitary-epidemiologic surveillance in Samara region accomplished all the necessary activities as regards monitoring over quality and safety of food products, both domestic and imported.
- Frolova O.A., Tafeeva E.A., Frolov D.N., Bocharov E.P. Alimentary-dependent diseases of the population and the hy-gienic characteristic of the factors of the risk of their development in the territory of the republic of Tatarstan. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2018, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 470–473 (in Russian).
- Pastushkova E.V., Mysakov D.S., Chugunova O.V. Some aspects of nutrition and health. Zdorov'e i obrazovanie v XXI veke, 2016, no. 4, pp. 67–72 (in Russian).
- Lebedeva S.N., Zhamsaranova S.D., Chukaev S.A., Dymsheeva L.D. Assesment of the nutrition and antioxidant activity of biological liquids in students. Voprosy pitaniya, 2018, no. 1, pp. 35–43 (in Russian).
- Mazhaeva T.V., Dubenko S.E., Pogozheva A.V., Khotimchenko S.A. Characteristics of the diet and nutritional status of workers at various industrial enterprises of the Sverdlovsk Region. Voprosy pitaniya, 2018, no. 1, pp. 72–78 (in Russian).
- Evstratova V.S., Radzhabkadiev R.M., Khanfer'yan R.A. The structure of macronutrient consumption by the population of various regions of Russian Federation. Voprosy pitaniya, 2018, no. 2, pp. 34–38 (in Russian).
- Boyarskaya L.A., Vil'ms E.A., Turchaninov D.V. Hygienic substantiation of application of functional dairy products in the prevention of macro- and micronutrient deficiency. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2016, vol. 95, no. 11, pp. 1095–1099 (in Russian).
- Zhminchenko V.M., Gapparov M.M.G. Modern trends of research in nutritiology and nutrition hygiene. Voprosy pi-taniya, 2015, no. 1, pp. 4–14 (in Russian).
- Khotimchenko S.A., Bessonov V.V., Bagryantseva O.V., Gmoshinskii I.V. Safety of food products: new problems and ways of solution. Meditsina truda i ekologiya cheloveka, 2015, no.4, pp. 7–14 (in Russian).
- Klepikov O.V., Khatuaev R.O., Istomin A.V., Rumyantseva L.A. Regional features of food standards and health risks associated with chemical contamination of food. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2016, vol. 95, no. 11, pp. 1086–1091 (in Russian).
- Al-Saleh I., Abduljabbar M. Heavy metals (lead, cadmium, methylmercury, arsenic) in commonly imported rice grains (Oryza sativa) sold in Saudi Arabia and their potential health risk. Int. J. Hyg. Environ Health, 2017, vol. 220, no. 7, pp. 1168–1178. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.07.007
- Fang Y., Sun X., Yang W., Ma N., Xin Z., Fu J., Liu X., Liu M. [et al.]. Concentrations and health risks of lead, cad-mium, arsenic, and mercury in rice and edible mushrooms in China. Food Chem., 2014, vol. 15, no. 147, pp. 147–151. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.116
- Jiang Y., Zeng X., Fan X., Chao S., Zhu M., Cao H. Levels of arsenic pollution in daily foodstuffs and soils and its associated human health risk in a town in Jiangsu Province, China. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf, 2015, no. 122, pp. 198–204. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.07.018
- Sadeghi F., Nasseri S., Yunesian M., Nabizadeh R., Mosaferi M., Mesdaghinia A. Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk assessments of arsenic contamination in drinking water of Ardabil city in the Northwest of Iran. J. Environ. Sci. Health. A. Tox. Hazard Subst. Environ., 2018, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 421–429. DOI: 10.1080/10934529.2017.1410421
- Lamteva T.V., Velikaya L.V., Gaidukova E.P., Platunin A.V. About contamination by nitrates of crop production. Prikladnye informatsionnye aspekty meditsiny, 2018, no. 4, pp. 111–117 (in Russian).
- Tutelyan V.A., Nikityuk D.B., Khotimchenko S.A. Normative base for food quality and safety assessment. Rossiiskii zhurnal vosstanovitel'noi meditsiny, 2017, no. 2, pp. 74–120 (in Russian).
- Liu J., Zhuo Z., Sun S., Ning X., Zhao S., Xie W., Wang Y., Zheng L. [et al.]. Concentrations of heavy metals in six municipal sludges from Guangzhou and their potential ecological risk assessment for agricultural land use. Pol. J. Environ. Stud, 2015, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 165–174. DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/28348
- Perez-Vazquez F.J., Flores-Ramirez R., Ochoa-Martínez A.C., Carrizales-Yanez L., Ilizaliturri-Hernandez C.A., Moctezuma-Gonzalez J., Pruneda-Alvarez L.G., Ruiz-Vera T. [et al.] Human health risks associated with heavy metals in soil in different areas of San Luis Potosi, Mexicoю Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess, 2016, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 323–336. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1064760
- Kendir E., Kentel E., Sanin F.D. Evaluation of heavy metals and associated health risks in a metropolitan wastewater treatment plant’s sludge for its land application. Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess. Int, 2015, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1631–1643. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2014.966590
- Chen T.B., Huang Q.F., Gao D. [et al.]. Heavy metal concentrations and their decreasing trends in sewage sludges of China. Acta Sci. Circumstantiate, 2003, no. 23, pp. 561–569.
- Popova A.Yu. Risk analysis as a strategic sphere in providing food products safety. Health Risk Analysis, 2018, no. 4, pp. 4–12. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2018.4.01.eng
- Zaitseva N.V., Tutelyan V.A., Shur P.Z., Khotimchenko S.A., Sheveleva S.A. Experience of justification of hygienic standards of food safety with the use of criteria for the risk for population health. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2014, no. 5, pp. 70–74 (in Russian).
- Zaitseva N.V., Popova A.Yu., May I.V., Shur P.Z. Methods and technologies of health risk analysis in the system of state management under assurance of the sanitation and epidemiological welfare of population. Gigiena i sanitariya, 2015, no. 2, pp. 93–98 (in Russian).
- Zaitseva N.V. Analysis of population health risks in the Russian Federation caused by food products contamination. Health Risk Analysis, 2018, no. 4, pp. 13–23. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2018.4.02.eng
- Zaitseva N.V., Shur P.Z., Kiryanov D.A., Kamaltdinov M.R., Tsinker M.Yu. Methodical approaches for health popu-lation risk estimation based evolution models. Zdorov'e naseleniya i sreda obitaniya, 2013, no. 1, pp. 4–6 (in Russian).