On methodical support for risk-oriented surveillance over consumer products safety on the unified economic territory of the Eurasian economic union
I.V. Gaevskiy1, N.V. Zaitseva2, I.V. May2, S.Т. Karymbaeva1, S.I. Sychik3, Е.V. Fedorenko3
1Eurasian Economic Commission, Department for Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures, build. 2, 2 Letnikovskaya Str., Moscow, 115114, Russian Federation
2Federal Scientific Center for Medical and Preventive Health Risk Management Technologies, 82 Monastyrskaya Str., Perm, 614000, Russian Federation
3Scientific-Practical Hygiene Center, 8 Akademicheskaya Str., Minsk, 220012, Belarus
Risk-oriented surveillance is a tool for state regulation over consumer products safety; it is fixed in the legislation of all the states belonging to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). This approach involves concentrations of efforts by all controlling authorities on objects that cause high health risks for population with simultaneous easing off administrative barriers for those objects that cause insignificant risks. It is necessary to work out uniform and easy-to-replicate methodical approaches to organizing risk-oriented surveillance over products in the EAEU and it makes our research truly vital. It would allow to preserve independent national surveillance systems and simultaneously obtain comparable results that would be recognized in all the member states thus ensuring high confidence in any obtained data.
Our research goal was to work out an algorithm and a system of procedures for risk-oriented surveillance over safety of consumer products distributed on the unified EAEU market.
We analyzed regulatory, legal, and methodical documents on issues related to assessing population health risks occurring when consumer products are distributed; forms of statistical reports and algorithms applied for planning control and surveillance activities in the EAEU member states, other countries and unions. We took data collected in Russia and Belarus to analyze results obtained during control and surveillance activities performed in the sphere including results of more than 3 million various laboratory examinations of consumer products conducted over 2014–2017.
We suggest an algorithm for risk-oriented surveillance over consumer products safety that includes three basic stages: 1) ranking of activities performed by juridical persons or private entrepreneurs in the sphere of consumer products distribution as per potential population health risks. The basic goal at this stage is to spot out objects that are subject to the most frequent and profound inspections performed by authorized governmental authorities entitled to check consumer products safety and protect population health; 2) products classification as per population health risks for drawing up surveillance activities schedules. The basic goal at this stage is to make up a list of the most "risky" groups of products for a documentary and laboratory inspection performed at a specific economic entity; 3) determining priority parameters for laboratory support of surveillance activities based on "risk profiles" creation. The goal at this stage is to optimize laboratory support provided for surveillance and to make it more "targeted" via substantiating those parameters of products that are related to the most frequently registered violation of standards and the greatest population health risks.
Procedures and software are developed for each stage in the suggested algorithm.
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