Risk factors which cause senile cataract evolvement: outline

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E.V. Bragin


Southern Urals Biophysics Institute of Federal Medical-Biological Agency, 19 Ozerskoe shosse, g. Ozersk, 456780, Russian Federation


Examination of natural ageing processes including those caused by multiple external factors has been attracting re-searchers' attention over the last years. Senile cataract is a multi-factor disease. Expenditure on cataract surgery remain one of the greatest expenses items in public health care. Age is a basic factor which causes senile cataract. Morbidity with cataract doubles each 10 years of life. This outline considers some literature sources which describe research results on influence exerted on cataract evolvement by such risk factors as age, sex, race, smoking, alcohol intake, pancreatic diabetes, intake of certain medications, a number of environmental factors including ultraviolet and ionizing radiation. mane of these factors are shown to increase or reduce senile cataract risk; there are conflicting data on certain factors. The outline also contains quantitative characteristics of cataract risks which are given via odds relation and evolve due to age parameters impacts, alcohol intake, ionizing radiation, etc. The authors also state that still there is no answer to the question whether dose-effect relationship for cataract evolvement is a threshold or non-threshold.

multi-factor disease, senile cataract, risk factors, relative risk, odds relation, age parameters, dose-effect relationship
Bragin E.V. Risk factors which cause senile cataract evolvement: outline. Health Risk Analysis, 2018, no. 1, pp. 113–125. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2018.1.13.eng
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