The impact of meteo-factors on increase of arterial blood pressure

View or download the full article: 

V.A. Belyayeva


Institute of Biomedical Investigations, 47 Pushkinskaya Str., Vladikavkaz, 362019, Russian Federation


The aim of the work is to study the impact of the meteorologic factors on the increase of the arterial blood pressure in the population of Vladikavkaz city considering gender specificity. The archive data of the Vladikavkaz ambulance during the first half-year of 2012 were the material of the study, ranged according to the number of calls of the patients with the complaints on the aggravation of symptoms due to the arterial pressure increase. According to the archive data, the corresponding base of average daily indices of meteo-factors (the air temperature, atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, wind rate, cloudiness) was formed, the indices of weather pathogenicity were considered. The posthoc analysis of the obtained data was carried out with the use of the statistical analysis packet Statistica 6.0. It is indicated, that the number of the ambulance calls to the patients with the arterial hypertension increases during “acute” meteo-conditions. The number of calls in women is higher than the number of calls in men. The inverse correlation between average daily air temperature and patients asking for help in the connection with aggravation symptoms against a background of the arterial pressure increase (AP) was revealed. The peak increase of the ambulance calls frequency is observed while low temperature (< –100 ° C). A correlational link between AP increase frequency and the pathogenicity temperature index was established. AP increase frequency correlates with common pathogenicity index in women, and it may point out the high reactivity of cardio-vascular system in response to the impact of complex negative meteo-factors. The impact of the unfavorable weather conditions is the risk factor to the health as it may lead to the development of the cardiovascular catastrophe against a background of AP increase.

arterial pressure posthoc analysis, meteorologic factors, air temperature, pathogenicity index, «irritative» meteo conditions
Belyayeva V.A. The impact of meteo-factors on increase of arterial blood pressure. Health Risk Analysis, 2016, no. 4, pp. 17–22. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2016.4.02.eng
  1. Andronova T.I., Deryapa N.R., Solomatin A.P. Geliometeotropnye reaktsii zdorovogo i bol'nogo cheloveka [Heliometeodependence reactions of a healthy and sick person]. Leningrad: Meditsina, 1982, 248 p. (in Russian).
  2. Boksha V.G., Bogutskiy B.V. Meditsinskaia klimatologiia i klimatoterapiia [Medical climatology and cli-matotherapy]. Kiev, 1982, 264 p. (in Russian).
  3. Gavronskii S.S., Martyniuk P.G. Vliianie meteorologicheskikh faktorov na chastotu i tiazhest' gipertoni-cheskikh krizov [Impact of meteorological factors on the incidence and severity of hypertensive crises]. Vracheb-noe delo, 1982, no. 2, pp. 52–53 (in Russian).
  4. Grigor'eva V.D., Komrakov A.V., Uianaeva A.I. Osobennosti meteopaticheskikh reaktsii u bol'nykh giper-tonicheskoi bolezn'iu i ikh profilaktika [Features of meteorotropic reactions in patients with hypertension and their prevention]. Aktual'nye voprosy primeneniia nemedikomentoznykh metodov v vosstanovitel'nom lechenii, Mos-cow, 1990, pp. 56–61 (in Russian).
  5. Zaslavskaya R.M., Shcherban' E.A., Teiblium M.M. Dostovernost' korreliatsionnykh otnoshenii mezhdu pogodnymi faktorami i pokazateliami gemodinamiki u bol'nykh arterial'noi gipertoniei i ishemicheskoi bolezn'iu serdtsa pri traditsionnom lechenii i kompleksnom lechenii s melatoninom [Significance of correlation between weather factors and hemodynamic parameters in patients with arterial hypertension and coronary heart diseases receiving traditional treatment and combined therapy with melatonin]. Klinicheskaya meditsina, 2011, no. 5, pp. 49–53 (in Russian).
  6. Zenchenko T.A., Tsandekov P.A., Grigor'ev P.E. Issledovanie kharaktera sviazei fiziologicheskikh i psikhofiziologicheskikh pokazatelei chelovecheskogo organizma s meteorologicheskimi i geomagnitnymi faktorami [Pattern of Relations between Physiological and Psychophysiological Parameters of Human Organism and Geomagnetic and Meteorological Factors]. Geofizicheskie protsessy i biosfera, 2008, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 25–36 (in Russian).
  7. Zunnunov Z.R. Vliianie meteopatogennykh faktorov na obrashchaemost' naseleniia za skoroi i neot-lozhnoi meditsinskoi pomoshch'iu [Influence of meteopathogenic factors on population visits for emergency medi-cal care]. Terapevticheskii arkhiv, 2013, no. 9, pp. 11–17 (in Russian).
  8. Aliabina O.V., Vasil'ev V.P., Maksimov A.V., Kharlamova N.F. Izuchenie vzaimosviazi mezhdu obostre-niiami serdechno–sosudistykh zabolevanii, meteofaktorami i solnechnoi aktivnost'iu [The study of the relationship between exacerbation of cardiovascular diseases, meteorological factors and solar activity]. Izvestija Altajskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2007, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 7–10 (in Russian).
  9. Karelin A.O., Gederim V.V., Sokolovskii V.V. O vliianii kosmogeofizicheskikh i meteorologicheskikh faktorov na pokazateli nespetsificheskoi rezistentnosti organizma [The influence of space geophysical and meteorological factors on the parameters of the body's nonspecific resistance]. Gigiena i sanitaria, 2008, no. 1, pp. 29–33 (in Russian).
  10. Medvedev Z.I. Analiz ostroi sosudistoi patologii mozga s klimato-pogodnymi faktorami [Analysis of acute vascular pathology of the brain with the climatic and weather factors]. In: Problemy klinicheskoi nevropatologii. – Vladivostok, 1973, pp. 30–34 (in Russian).
  11. Ovcharova V.F. Osnovnye printsipy spetsializirovannogo prognoza pogody dlia meditsinskikh tselei i profilaktika meteopaticheskikh reaktsii [Basic principles of specialized weather forecast for medical use and pre-vention of meteorotropic reactions]. In: Fizicheskie faktory v lechenii bol'nykh s serdechno-sosudistoi patologiei v Sibiri, Tomsk, 1975, pp. 53–61 (in Russian).
  12. Pizova N.V., Prozorovskaia S.D., Pizov A.V. Meteorologicheskie faktory riska insul'ta v Tsentral'nom regione Rossii [Weather risk factors for stroke in the Central Region of Russia]. Nevrologiia, neiropsikhiatriia, psikhosomatika. 2012, no. 1, pp. 63–67 (in Russian).
  13. Revich B.A., Maleev V.V. Izmeneniia klimata i zdorov'e naseleniia Rossii: analiz situatsii i prognoznye otsenki [Climate change and the health of the Russian population: analysis of the situation and forecasts]. Moscow: LENAND, 2011, 208 p. (in Russian).
  14. Weiwei Y., Mengersen К., Wang X., Xiaofang Y., Guo Y., Pan X., Tong S. Daily average temperature and mortality among the elderly: a meta-analysis and systematic review of epidemiological evidence. Int. J. of Biometeorology, 2011, vol. 10, pp. 43–51.
  15. Epstein Yo., Moran D.S. Thermal comfort and the Heat Stress Indices. Industrial Health, 2006, vol. 44, pp. 388–398.
  16. Fujiwara Т., Kawamura M., Nakajima J., Adachi Т., Hiramori K. Seasonal differences in diurnal blood pressure of hypertensive patients living in a stable environmental temperature. J. Hypertens, 1995, no. 13, pp. 1747–1752.
  17. Kalkstein L.S. Biometeorology – looking at the links between weather, climate and health. WMO. Bulle-tin. 2, 2001, vol. 50, pp. 1–6.
  18. Kalkstein L.S., Davis R.E. Weather and human mortality: An evaluation of demographic and interregional responses in the United States. Annals of association of American geographers, 1989, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 44–64.
  19. Laschewski G., Jendritzky G. Effects of the thermal environment on human health: an investigation of 30 years of daily mortality data from SW Germany. Climate Research, 2002, vol. 21, pp. 91–103.
  20. Monteiro A., Carvalho V., Velho S., Sousa C. The accuracy of the heat index to explain the excess of mortality and morbidity during heat waves – a case study in a mediterranean climate. Bulletin of Geography, 2013, no. 20, pp. 71–84.

You are here