To the problem of typology of the riskogenic behaviour (analysis on the example of an industrial enterprise of Perm region)

View or download the full article: 

E.А. Ryazanova


FBSI “Federal Scientific Center for Medical and Preventive Health Risk Management Technologies”, 82 Monastyrskaya St., Perm, 614045, Russian Federation


This article offers a method for the typology of riskogenic behavior of employees. The method is based on the identification of the common patterns of behavior in terms of alcohol consumption, smoking, access to medical care, nutrition and physical activity. Three types of behavior, characterized by different levels of self-preservation, self-destructive activities and the degree of riskogenics, are given in this study. The first type is "low level of riskogenics, passive", that combines low levels of physical activity, high culture of consumption of alcoholic beverages, absence of smoking experience and correct eating habits. The second type – "average level of riskogenics, active" assumes daily exercises or sport activities, long walks in the fresh air, absence of dependence on alcohol beverages at severe nicotine dependence and absence of proper nutrition practices. A third type is "high level of riskogenic, passive" that involves systematic abuse of alcohol, heavy smoking, very poor nutrition and lack of exercise. The proposed typology was tested in an industrial plant producing rubber products for industrial and national consumption. The continuous sociological survey of employees of working specialties (n = 63) has been conducted. The parameterization of the behavioral practices of the respondents in the field of health (the indicators reflecting the average daily consumption of alcohol, nicotine uptake, integral index of food and motor activity were calculated) as well as the cluster analysis have been performed. The riskogenics first type comprises 30 % of responded employees, the second – 52 %, the third – 18 %. For each type a social portrait has been composed. The analysis of relations between the type of riscogenic behavior of the employees and their health status indexes has been conducted.

riskogenic behavior, typology, risk assessment, employees of industrial enterprises, complex exposure
Ryazanova E.А. To the problem of typology of the riskogenic behaviour (analysis on the example of an industrial enterprise of Perm region). Health Risk Analysis, 2016, no. 2, pp. 68–75. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2016.2.08.eng
  1. Abrosimova M.Ju., Muhamedrahimova L.V. Samosohranitel'noe povedenie uchashhejsja molodezhi [Self-protective behavior of studying young people]. Bjulleten' NII soc. gigieny, jekonomiki i upr. zdravoohr. im.N.A.Semashko, Moscow, 2003, no. 7, pp. 73–76. (in Russian).
  2. Bunas A. A. Razlichnye aspekty obosnovanija prirody riskovannogo povedenija lichnosti [Different substantiation aspects of the nature of a person’s risk behavior]. Psihologija: problemy prakticheskogo primenenija: materialy II mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Chita: Izdatel'stvo Molodoj uchenyj, 2013, pp. 10–16. (in Russian).
  3. Vlasova E.M., Alekseev V.B., Shljapnikov D.M. Narushenija zdorov'ja u rabochih titanomagnievogo proizvodstva [Deteriorations of health condition in furnace and smelter employees of the titanium and magnesium industry]. Gigiena i sanitarija, 2015, vol. 94, no 2, pp. 50–53. (in Russian).
  4. Zaitseva N.V., Shur P.Z., Lebedeva-Nesevrya N.A. Vlijanija social'no-jekonomicheskih faktorov riska na zdorov'e rabotnikov promyshlennyh predprijatij [The regularities of socio-economic risk factors affecting on health of industrial workers]. Biomedicinskij zhurnal, 2010, vol. 11, pp. 538–547. Available at: (24.04.2016) (in Russian).
  5. MR Ocenka riska, svjazannogo s vozdejstviem faktorov obraza zhizni na zdorov'e naselenija: Metodicheskie rekomendacii [МR The assessment of lifestyle risk factors’ influence on the population’s health: Guidelines]. Moscow: Federal'nyj centr gigieny i jepidemiologii Rospotrebnadzora, 2011, 62 p. (in Russian).
  6. Shljapnikov D.M., Shur P.Z., Atiskova N.G., Hasanova A.A., Alekseev V.B. Ocenka riska zdorov'ju nase-lenija, obuslovlennogo himicheskim zagrjazneniem pit'evoj vody, i svjazannyh s nim poter' [Assessment of population health risk associated with the chemical pollution of drinking water and losses connected with it]. Kompleksnoe vozdejstvie faktorov okruzhajushhej sredy i obraza zhizni na zdorov'e naselenija: diagnostika, korrekcija, profilaktika: mat. plenuma Nauchnogo soveta RF po jekologii cheloveka i gigiene okruzhajushhej sredy, Moskva, 11–12 dekabrja 2014 g. Moscow, 2014, pp. 467–469 (in Russian).
  7. Rusinova N.L., Ozerova O.V., Safronov V.V. Kurenie v Rossii: social'nye razlichija i tendencii v 1990-e i 2000-e gg. [Smoking in Russia. Social differences and trends in 1990 th to 2000 th ]. Sociologicheskie issledovanija, 2013, no. 3, pp. 104–113. (in Russian).
  8. Shkljaruk V.Ja. Samosohranitel'noe povedenie v molodezhnoj srede [Health behavior in teenage milieu]. Sociologicheskie Issledovanija, 2008, no. 10, pp. 139–142. (in Russian).
  9. Ansari-MoghaddamA., Ansari H., Mohammadi M., Khosravi S., Sanei-Moghaddam E., Miri-Bonjar M. Predictors of High-Risk Behaviors in Municipal Workers and Staff in Zahedan, South-East of Iran. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction, e27555. DOI: 10.5812/ijhrba.27555. Available at: (22.05.2016).
  10. Baskin-Sommers A., Sommers I. The co-occurrence of substance use and high-risk behaviors. J. Adolesc. Health, 2006, vol. 38, no. 35, pp. 609–611.
  11. Brewer N.T., Weinstein N.D., Cuite C.L., Herrington J.E. Risk perceptions and their relation to risk be-havior. Ann Behav Med, 2004, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 125–130.
  12. Haghdoost A., Abazari F., Abbaszadeh A., Dortaj Rabori E. Family and the risky behaviors of high school students. Iran Red. Crescent. Med. J., 2014, vol. 16, no. 10, e15931. DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.15931.
  13. Hampson S.E., Andrews Ju.A., Barckley M. Сonscientiousness, perceived risk, and risk-reduction beha-viors: a preliminary study. Health Psychology, 2000, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 496–500.
  14. Health and Behavior. The Interplay of Biological, Behavioral, and Societal Influences Institute of Medi-cine (US) Committee on Health and Behavior: Research, Practice, and Policy. Washington (DC): National Acade-mies Press (US), 2001. DOI: 10.17226/9838
  15. WHO Guide to Mental Health in Primary Care. Adapted for the UK, with permission, from Diagnostic and Management Guidelines for Mental Disorders in Primary Care: ICD-10 Chapter V Primary Care Version. Lon-don: Royal Society of Medicine Press Limited, 2000.

You are here