Professional risk of developing diseases of the peripheral nervous system in tractor drivers – machine operators of agricultural production

View or download the full article: 

G.A. Bezrukova, T.A. Novikova, M.L. Shalashova, S.S. Raikin


FBSI “Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Hygiene” of the Federal Service for Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-Being Surveillance, Russian Federation, Saratov, 1A Zarechnaya St., 410022


Based on the results of the hygienic assessment of working conditions in the domestic agricultural machinery of old and new models when performing the main types of seasonal agricultural work during the annual production cycle and analysis of accumulated occupational diseases’ nosology structure in agricultural workers of the Saratov region over the period from 2004 to 2014, the estimation of professional risk diseases of the peripheral nervous system in tractor drivers – machine operators of agricultural production is given. Professional risk assessment carried out under the procedure set forth in P2.2.1766-03 has shown that the category of a priori risk to their health during an annual production cycle ranged from high to very high (unbearable). It was revealed that the most important factors shaping the harmful working conditions when working on agricultural machinery that can act as a trigger in the formation of vertebral diseases of the peripheral nervous system, are general and local vibration, adverse micro-climatic conditions, long uncomfortable static working posture and physical stress. The risk of diseases in the peripheral uneven system in machine operators of agriculture was attributed to the high risk category with an index of professional diseases (IPD) equal to 0,5 %.

tractor drivers – machine operators of agricultural production, harmful factors of production environment and labor process, professional diseases of the peripheral nervous system
Bezrukova G.A., Novikova T.A., Shalashova M.L. , Raikin S.S. Professional risk of developing diseases of the peripheral nervous system in tractor drivers – machine operators of agricultural production. Health Risk Analysis, 2015, no. 3, pp. 47-54. DOI: 10.21668/health.risk/2015.3.07.eng
  1. Buyanov E.S., Novikova T.A. Apriornyj professional'nyj risk dlja zdorov'ja mehanizatorov sel'skogo hoz-jajstva [Prior occupational health risk of agricultural industry operators]. Zdorov'e naselenija i sreda obitanija, 2011, no. 12, pp. 33–36.
  2. Pavlenko S.S., Taneeva E.V., Veretel'nikov I.A., Sorogina L.D. Issledovanie jeffektivnosti gabapentina (gebantina) pri lechenii razlichnyh vidov nevropaticheskoj boli [Study of the efficacy of gabapentin (gebantin) on treatment of various types of neuropathic pain]. Bol', 2007, no. 1, pp. 37–40.
  3. Mihaleva T.S. Uslovija formirovanija i techenija osnovnyh klinicheskih sindromov s algicheskimi projav-lenijami pri professional'noj vertebrogennoj patologii pojasnichno-krestcovogo urovnja [Conditions of formation and development of major clinical syndromes with allergic presentations at professional vertebrogenic pathology of lumbosacral level]. Medicina truda i promyshlennaja jekologija, 2005, no. 6, pp. 23–27.
  4. Nekachalov V.V. Patologija kostej i sustavov [Pathology of bones and joints]. Saint-Petersburg.: Motis, 2000. 285 p.
  5. Novikova T.A. Gigienicheskie aspekty ocenki i upravlenija professional'nym riskom dlja zdorov'ja meha-nizatorov sel'skogo hozjajstva [Hygienic aspects of assessment and management of occupational health risks of agricultural industry operators]. Zdravoohranenie Rossijskoj Federacii, 2011, no. 4, pp. 72–73.
  6. Onishhenko G.G. Sostojanie uslovij truda i professional'noj zabolevaemosti rabotnikov Rossijskoj Federa-cii [State ofvworking conditions and occupational morbidity of workers of the Russian Federation]. Gigiena i sani-tarija, 2009, no. 1, pp. 29–33.
  7. Podchufarova E.V. Diagnostika i lechenie boli v pojasnichno-krestcovoj oblasti [Diagnostics and pain management in the lumbosacral region]. Vrach, 2008, no. 9, pp. 33–37.
  8. Popelyanskiy Ja.Ju. Ortopedicheskaja nevrologija (vertebronevrologija). Rukovodstvo dlja vrachej [Orthopedic neurology (vertebroneurology). Guidelines for doctors]. Moscow: MEDpress-inform, 2003. 670 p.
  9. Professional'naja patologija. Nacional'noe rukovodstvo [Professional pathology. National guideline]. Edit by N.F. Izmerov. Moscow: GJeOTAR-Media, 2011. 784 p.
  10. Shirshov A.V., Piradov M.A.. Pojasnichnyj osteohondroz: diagnostika, klinika i lechenie [Lumbar osteochondrosis: diagnostics, clinic and treatment]. Russkij medicinskij zhurnal, 2004, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 3–6.
  11. Shurshhukov Ju.Ju., Soldatova P.F. Issledovanie rasprostranennosti boleznej kostno-myshechnoj sistemy i soedinitel'noj tkani sredi vzroslogo sel'skogo naselenija Lipeckoj oblasti [Prevalence study of diseases of musculoskeletal system and connective tissue in the adult rural population of Lipetsk region]. Medicina truda i promyshlennaja jekologija, 2007, № 2, pp. 41–44.
  12. Liszka-Hackzell J.J., Martin D.P. An analysis of the relationship between activity and pain in chronic and acute low back pain. J. Anesth Analg, 2004, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 477–481.

You are here